volcano icon Current volcanic activity

 

Bulletin N°1- Vanua Lava Activity

VANUATU VOLCANO ALERT BULLETIN N°1 - VANUA LAVA ACTIVITY
Thursday January 26th 2023

VANUA LAVA VOLCANO 
13°80’S 167°47’E Summit 3021ft (921m)
Current Vanuatu Volcano Alert Level: Level 1

 

Vanua Lava volcano is continuing in the minor unrest state. The Volcanic Alert Level remains at Level 1.

Mt. Suretamatai volcanic activity is continuing at the minor unrest state, consistent with the Volcanic Alert Level 1. Latest data analysis from the monitoring system and observations shows emissions of vapor and gases around the volcanic cone and the Sulphure River. However, the Volcanic Alert Level is maintained at Level 1.

With the ongoing activity and the associated volcanic hazards, the danger zone is limited around the volcano cone and the Sulphur River.
It is a useful reminder that eruptions can occur at any level of unrest with little or no warnings.

Mt. Suretamatai has remained at Volcano Alert Level 1 since the 27th of May 2016. At this alert level, the risk for visitors accessing areas from the volcano cone and Sulphur River remains low, however given the unpredictable character of volcanoes all tourism agencies, local authorities, people of Vanua Lava and the general public are advised to give serious consideration to potential volcanic hazards.

More information about the volcanic hazards can be found on the website: https://www.vmgd.gov.vu/vmgd/index.php/geohazards/volcano/volcano-info/volcanic-hazards

Vanua Lava volcano is one of the active volcanoes in Vanuatu and in contrast to other large volcanoes in the country, it does not contain a youthful summit caldera. A chain of small stratovolcanoes, oriented along an NNE-SSW line, gives the low-angle volcano an irregular profile. Historically, this volcano had low infrequent activity except in XIX (19) century with 3 moderate manifestations and in XX (20) century with 2.

The Department of Meteorology and Geo-hazards will continue to closely monitor Vanua Lava volcano activity and provide information when necessary.

<i>For further information, please contact Geohazards Division at the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or 24686.</i>

 

Bulletin N°1- Gaua Activity

VANUATU VOLCANO ALERT BULLETIN N°1 - GAUA ACTIVITY
Thursday January 26th 2023

GAUA VOLCANO 
14°16’0”S 167°30’0”E Summit 2615ft (797m)
Current Vanuatu Volcano Alert Level: Level 2

 

Gaua Volcano is continuing in the major unrest state. The Volcanic Alert Level remains at Level 2.

Gaua volcano activity is continuing in the major unrest level, consistent with the Volcanic Alert Level 2. Latest data analysis from the monitoring system show volcanic earthquakes and emissions of steam at the crater summit. However, the Volcanic Alert level is maintained at Level 2.

With the ongoing activity and the associated hazards, the danger zone is limited to the volcanic cone. Visitors will continue to smell volcanic gas while approaching the volcanic cone.
It is a useful reminder that eruptions can occur at any level of unrest with little or no warnings.

Mt. Garet has remained at Volcanic Alert Level 2 since the 31st January 2018. At this alert level, the risk for visitors accessing areas from the volcano cone remains low, however given the unpredictable character of volcanoes all tourism agencies, local authorities, people on Gaua and the general public are advised to give serious consideration to potential volcanic hazards.

More information about the volcanic hazards can be found on the website: https://www.vmgd.gov.vu/vmgd/index.php/geohazards/volcano/volcano-info/volcanic-hazards

Gaua volcano is one of the active volcanoes in Vanuatu. Historically, the formation of Mount Garet active cone of and other small cinder cones in the SW part of the caldera has left a crescent-shaped caldera lake, Lake Letas. The symmetrical, flat-toppedMount Garet cone is topped by three active craters.

The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department will continue to closely monitor Mt. Garet volcano activity and more information will be provided when necessary.

<div style="text-align: center;"><i>For further information, please contact Geohazards Division at the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or 24686.</i></div>

 

Bulletin N°1- Ambae Activity

VANUATU VOLCANO ALERT BULLETIN N°1 - AMBAE ACTIVITY
Thursday January 26th 2023

AMBAE VOLCANO 
15°24’0”S 167°50’0”E Summit 4908ft (1496m)
Current Vanuatu Volcano Alert Level: Level 2

 

Ambae volcano is continuing in the major unrest state. The Volcanic Alert Level remains at Level 2.

Manaro Vui volcanic activity is continuing in the major level of unrest, consistent with the Volcanic Alert Level 2. Latest data analysis from the monitoring system shows volcanic earthquakes and emissions of steam, gas and/or ash at the cone inside Lake Manaro Vui. However, the Volcanic Alert Level is maintained at Level 2.

With the ongoing volcanic activity and the associated hazards, the danger zone is limited to the summit, within the Danger Zone A (See Ambae caldera safety map below) which is about 2 km radius from the active vent. A reminder on persistent threat within areas of flowing creeks during heavy rain (eg: remobilization of remaining ash from 2017 and 2018 eruption).
It is a useful reminder that eruptions can occur at any level of unrest with little or no warnings.

Manaro Vui volcano has remained at Volcanic Alert Level 2 since the 27th of December 2021. At this alert level, the risk for visitors accessing areas from the crater lakes and the caldera remains low, however given the unpredictable character of volcanoes all tourism agencies, local authorities, people on Ambae and the general public are advised to give serious consideration to potential volcanic hazards.

More information about the volcanic hazards can be found on the website: https://www.vmgd.gov.vu/vmgd/index.php/geohazards/volcano/volcano-info/volcanic-hazards

Ambae volcano is a very large volcano and is frequently active. A large-scale eruption about 400 years ago built a volcanic cone in the summit crater and that crater is now filled by Lake Voui; however, the modern active vent area is now within the volcanic cone that grew in 2017-2018. Historic activity is poorly known, but there is documented activity in 1530, 1670, 1870, 1915 and 1966. All documented activity has been from the summit crater (Lake Voui) except for the 1670 activity, which included a flank eruption producing lava flows at Ndui Ndui. The 2017-2018 eruption episode started in 1991, with eruptions in 1995, 2005, and 2016 leading to the 2017-2018 activity.

The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department will continue to closely monitor Lombenben volcano activity. More information will be provided when necessary.

<div style="text-align: center;"><i><b>Fig.</b> Ambae caldera safety map&nbsp;</i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i><b><br></b></i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i><b>Note :</b> « Posted sign » : Signs will be installed later at the locations shown on the above image.&nbsp;</i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i><br></i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i>&nbsp;For further information, please contact Geohazards Division at the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or 24686.</i></div>

 

Bulletin N°1- Ambrym Activity

VANUATU VOLCANO ALERT BULLETIN N°1 - AMBRYM ACTIVITY
Thursday January 26th 2023

AMBRYM VOLCANO 
16°15’00”S 168°07’00”E Summit Elevation 4377ft (1334m)
Current Vanuatu Volcano Alert Level: Level 1

 

Ambrym volcanoes are continuing in the minor unrest state. The Volcanic Alert Level remains at Level 1.

The volcano activity on Benbow and Marum is continuing in the minor unrest state, consistent with the Volcanic Alert Level 1. Latest data analysis from the monitoring system show volcanic earthquakes and sometimes emissions of steam and gas at both craters. However, the Volcanic Alert level is maintained at Level 1.

With the ongoing activity and the associated hazards, the danger zone at the summit area remains limited inside the Permanent Exclusion Zone at Benbow and Danger Zone A at Marum (See Ambrym caldera safety map below). These danger zones are about 1 km around Benbow and 2 km around Marum craters including Maben-Mbwelesu, Niri-Mbwelesu and Mbwelesu. Additional danger zone is at the South-East of Ambrym within 500 meters from major cracks (Opened during the 2018 Eruption).
It is a useful reminder that eruptions can occur at any level of unrest with little or no warnings.

Ambrym volcano has remained at Volcanic Alert Level 1 since the 10th of October 2019. The level of risk for visitors accessing areas from the caldera remains low, however given the unpredictable character of volcanoes all tourism agencies, local authorities, people on Ambrym and the general public are advised to give serious consideration to potential volcanic hazards.

More information about the volcanic hazards can be found on the website: https://www.vmgd.gov.vu/vmgd/index.php/geohazards/volcano/volcano-info/volcanic-hazards

Ambrym volcano is a very active volcano in Vanuatu with large caldera of 12 km in diameter and 2 active craters, Marum and Benbow. The volcano has been active during historical time at both summit and flank vents, producing moderate explosive eruptions and lava flows that have reached the coast. The larger events include eruptions in 1820, 1894, 1913 or 1929. Over the last seventy years (before the 2018 eruption), there have been no eruptions that extended beyond the summit caldera. The eruption of 1988 and 2015 are focused in the caldera. The December 2018 eruption was focused in the summit caldera, and also affected the Eastern Fracture or Rift Zone with ground deformation, rifting, faulting and uplift, but no eruption occurred there.

The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department will continue to closely monitor Benbow and Marum volcano activities and provide information when necessary.

<div style="text-align: center;"><i><b>Fig.</b> Ambrym caldera safety map&nbsp;</i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i><br></i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i>&nbsp;<b>Note :</b> « Posted sign » : Signs will be installed later at the locations shown on the above image.&nbsp;</i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i><br></i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i>&nbsp;For further information, please contact Geohazards Division at the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or 24686.</i></div>

 

Bulletin N°1- Lopevi Activity

VANUATU VOLCANO ALERT BULLETIN N°1 - LOPEVI ACTIVITY
Thursday January 26th 2023

LOPEVI VOLCANO 
16°30’23”S 169°20’18”E Summit 4635ft (1413m)
Current Vanuatu Volcano Alert Level: Level 2

 

Lopevi volcano is continuing in the major unrest state. The Volcanic Alert Level remains at Level 2.

The Lopevi volcanic activity is continuing at a major unrest state, consistent with the Volcanic Alert Level 2. Latest data analysis from the monitoring system show volcanic earthquakes and light emissions of steam at the crater summit. However, the Volcanic Alert level is maintained at Level 2.

With the ongoing activity, the associated volcanic hazards, the topography and the histories of the Island, the danger zone is limited to the whole Island of Lopevi (See Lopevi safety map below).
It is a useful reminder that eruptions can occur at any level of unrest with little or no warnings.

Lopevi volcano has remained at Volcanic Alert Level 2 since the 23rd of September 2017. At this level, the risk for visitors accessing the Island of Lopevi remains low, however given the unpredictable character of volcanoes all tourism agencies, local authorities, people and residents of Paama & Epi and the general public are advised to give serious consideration to potential volcanic hazards.

More information about the volcanic hazards can be found on the website: https://www.vmgd.gov.vu/vmgd/index.php/geohazards/volcano/volcano-info/volcanic-hazards

Lopevi is one of several frequently active volcanoes in Vanuatu. Ash producing eruptions can occur every 3-10 years. The volcano has been active during historical time at both summit and flank vents, producing moderate explosive eruptions and lava flows that reached the coast. Historical eruptions date back to the mid-19th century. The island was evacuated following major eruptions in 1939 and 1960. Only a family tries to live on the island these days.

The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department will continue to closely monitor Lopevi volcano activity and more information will be provided when necessary.

<div style="text-align: center;"><i>For further information, please contact Geohazards Division at the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or 24686.</i></div>

 

Bulletin N°1- Tanna Activity

VANUATU VOLCANO ALERT BULLETIN N°1 - TANNA ACTIVITY
Thursday January 26th 2023

TANNA VOLCANO 
19°32’0”S 169°26’30”E Summit 1184ft (361m)
Current Vanuatu Volcano Alert Level: Level 2

 

Yasur volcano is continuing in the major unrest state. The Volcanic Alert Level remains at Level 2.

The Yasur volcanic activity is continuing at the major unrest state, consistent with the Volcanic Alert Level 2. Latest data analysis from the monitoring system show moderate to low explosions, emissions of steam, gas and ash including bombs that fall inside the crater. Some explosions remain intensified and volcanic projectiles or bombs fall in and/or around the summit crater. However, the Volcanic Alert Level is maintained at Level 2.

With the ongoing volcanic activity and the associated hazards such as gas plumes, ash fall, possible landslides and volcanic projectiles or bombs to fall in and/or around the summit crater, the danger zone is limited in the danger zone A (red circle) which is 600 meters from the Permanent Exclusion Zone (See Yasur caldera safety map below).

It is a useful reminder that eruptions can occur at any level of unrest with little or no warnings.

Yasur Volcano has remained at Volcanic Alert level 2 since the 28th of October 2016. At this alert level, the risk for visitors accessing areas from the crater rim to the parking area remains low, however given the unpredictable character of volcano all tourism agencies, local authorities, people on Tanna Island and the general public are advised to give serious consideration to potential volcanic hazards.

More information about the volcanic hazards can be found on the website: https://www.vmgd.gov.vu/vmgd/index.php/geohazards/volcano/volcano-info/volcanic-hazards

Yasur is well known and most frequently visited of the Vanuatu volcanoes. It has been in more-or-less continuous Strombolian activity since Captain Cook observed ash eruptions in 1774. This type of activity may have continued since ages. The active cone is largely contained within the small Yenkahe caldera, and is one of the youngest Holocene’s volcanoes (11 700 years to present) of Vanuatu.

The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department will continue to closely monitor Yasur volcano activities and provide more information when necessary.


<div style="text-align: center;"><i><b>Fig.</b> Yasur caldera safety Map&nbsp;</i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i><b><br></b></i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i><b>Note :</b> « Posted sign » : Signs will be installed later at the locations shown on the above image.&nbsp;</i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i><br></i></div><div style="text-align: center;"><i>&nbsp;For further information, please contact Geohazards Division at the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or 24686.</i></div>